SG-FAN-HAT-B Raspberry PI PWM Cooling Fan Hat

Product Overview

The Raspberry Pi cooling fan is a dedicated cooling solution designed for the Raspberry Pi. The Raspberry Pi is a powerful small computer, but it may generate a certain amount of heat when running under high loads. The cooling fan is designed to provide effective cooling performance and maintain the Raspberry Pi's operating temperature within a reasonable range. It consists of a control chip STM32F030F4P6, 6 full-color RGB LEDs WS2812, a DC power conversion circuit TPS54331, fan speed indicator LEDs, fan mode switch, and button speed adjustment circuits, and it can seamlessly connect to the Raspberry Pi's 40-pin expansion connector.

Product Specifications

Dimensions65mm (length) x 56.5mm (width)
Weight28g
Input Voltage5V
Logic Voltage3.3V
Driver ChipSTM32F030F4P6
Fan PWM Duty Cycle≥40%
Fan Speed (Max)8500 RPM (Revolutions Per Minute)

Raspberry Pi Example Usage

Resource Overview Diagram

SG-FAN-HAT-B Resource Overview Front View
Front View
SG-FAN-HAT-B Resource Overview Back View
Back View
  • ① DC-044 power inputJack, input voltage can be DC 7-28V
  • ② Fan switch
  • ③ RGB LED WS2812 switch
  • ④ 5V power indicator
  • ⑤ Fan speed indicators
  • ⑥ Mode or fan speed switch button
  • ⑦ Mode indicator
  • ⑧ Microcontroller reset button
  • ⑨ Fan
  • ⑩ 40-pin Raspberry Pi expansion connector
  • ⑪ Fan connector
  • ⑫ 6 RGB LEDs

Function Description

This module automatically enters manual mode when no example program is running on the Raspberry Pi mainboard. The MODE_LED will be off, and you can adjust the fan speed by pressing the MODE_SET button. When the Raspberry Pi runs a example program, the module enters automatic mode. In this case, the MODE_LED will light up, and the fan speed will be automatically adjusted based on the Raspberry Pi's CPU temperature. The MODE_SET button cannot be used to adjust the speed in automatic mode. If you need to manually adjust the fan speed while in automatic mode, you can press and hold the MODE_SET button for more than 2 seconds. After releasing the button, the module will enter manual mode, and the MODE_LED will turn off.

Note: Automatic mode and manual mode (switched by the button) are only available when a example program is running on the Raspberry Pi. Otherwise, the board will always remain in manual mode.

Install the WiringPi Library

sudo apt-get install wiringpi
wget https://project-downloads.drogon.net/wiringpi-latest.deb  # Raspberry Pi 4B Version Upgrade
sudo dpkg -i wiringpi-latest.deb
gpio -v
If version 2.52 is displayed, it means the installation was successful.

For the Bullseye branch system, use the following command:

git clone https://github.com/WiringPi/WiringPi
cd WiringPi 
./build
gpio -v
#Running 'gpio -v' should display version 2.70. If it doesn't, it means the installation has failed.

If you got the error message "ImportError: No module named 'wiringpi'" when running a Python version of the example program, run the following commands:

#For Python 2.x version

pip install wiringpi

#For Python 3.x version:

pip3 install wiringpi

Note: If the installation fails, you can try the following compilation and installation steps:

git clone --recursive https://github.com/WiringPi/WiringPi-Python.git

The --recursive option will automatically fetch submodules; otherwise, you would need to manually download them.

Navigate to the downloaded WiringPi-Python folder and run the following commands for compilation and installation:

#For Python 2.x version:
sudo python setup.py install

#For Python 3.x version

sudo python3 setup.py install

If you encounter an error like the following:

Run the command sudo apt install swig to install SWIG. Afterward, rerun sudo python3 setup.py install for compilation and installation. If you receive a message similar to the one below, it indicates a successful installation.

Install Python Libraries

#python3

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo pip3 install rpi-ws281x

The example program uses a Python 3 environment. To run the Python example program, you need to install "smbus" with the following command:

sudo apt-get install -y python-smbus

Configuring the I2C Interface:

sudo raspi-config

Enable the I2C interface:

Interfacing Options -> I2C -> Yes

Install the "i2c-tools" tool for confirmation:

sudo apt-get install i2c-tools

To check connected I2C devices:

i2cdetect -y 1

If you see an address representing successful connection between the fan board and Raspberry Pi, the default address is 0x0b.

If you see an address representing successful connection between the fan board and Raspberry Pi, the default address is 0x0b.

Run the Program

1)Install the SG-FAN-HAT-B correctly onto the Raspberry Pi and power up the Raspberry Pi. Make sure the fan switch and RGB LED switch are set to "ON."

2)run python program:

Run the Python program:

sudo python3 xxx  #xxx is the python file path

Or run the C program:

Enter the path where the program code is located, and then run the following command:

sudo make clean
sudo make
sudo ./main

After the program is run, SG-FAN-HAT-B will enter the automatic mode, and the MODE_LED on the board will light up. The program will print the current CPU temperature every 0.5 seconds. The fan speed will be automatically adjusted based on the CPU temperature. There are four onboard LEDs and six RGB LEDs at the bottom, which will display different statuses based on the CPU temperature. The temperature values and their corresponding statuses are shown in Table 1 below:

CPU Temperature:TFan Speed (Percentage)Fan Speed LED IndicatorRGB LED Effect (RGB Encoding)
T<40℃40%The first 2 LEDs on the left are onRandom color encoding
40℃ =< T < 50℃50%The first 2 LEDs on the left are on(127,255,255)
50℃ =< T < 55℃75%The first 3 LEDs on the left are on(255,255,0)
55℃ =< T < 60℃90%All 4 LEDs are on(255,127,0)
60℃ =< T100%All 4 LEDs are on(255,0,0)

3) Switch Functionality

Move the fan and RGB LED switches from "ON" to "OFF" position. Check if the fan and RGB LEDs have turned off. If they haven't turned off, it indicates an issue.

4)Temperature Control Test

Install sysbench:

sudo apt install sysbench

Perform a thread scheduling test:

sysbench --test=threads --num-threads=4 --thread-yields=10000 run

Move the fan switch to "OFF" and the RGB LED switch to "ON" position. The CPU temperature will slowly rise. Observe if the 4 green LEDs and RGB LEDs display according to the states in Table 1.

Next, move the fan switch to "ON," and the fan will start spinning. The CPU temperature will slowly decrease. Observe if the 4 green LEDs and RGB LEDs display according to the states in Table 1.

5)Startup Auto-Run Test

Using the /etc/rc.local method:

Open /etc/rc.local:

sudo nano /etc/rc.local

Add the following content before "exit 0" line(Users need to fill in according to their own code storage path):

sudo /home/pi/fan-hat-b/c/main &

Save and then reboot the Raspberry Pi. After rebooting, observe if the example code is running correctly.

Python code:

Open /etc/rc.local:

sudo nano /etc/rc.local

Add the following content before "exit 0" line(Users need to fill in according to their own code storage path):

sudo python3 /home/pi/fan-hat-b/python/fan-hat-b.py &

Save and then reboot the Raspberry Pi. After rebooting, observe if the example code is running correctly.

Note: You cannot run both C and Python code simultaneously. If you want to run the C code on startup, comment out "sudo python3 /home/pi/fan-hat-b/python/fan-hat-b.py &," and if you want to run the Python code on startup, comment out "sudo /home/pi/fan-hat-b/c/main &."

Resources

Schematics

Product

Datasheets

Example Code

Technical Support

Technical Support and Product Notes